What You Need To Know About Allergies And Allergy Shots

Posted on: 25 August 2015


Many people suffer from allergies. Whether it is to food or something in the environment you are probably living in constant fear that you will have a reaction. Even those who suffer from allergies may understand that their body has a reaction, but they may not know why. Understanding why your body has allergies will help you know what you can to do treat it and manage it. Here are some things you need to know about allergies. 

What Is An Allergic Reaction?

Every person has an immune system (except a rare few who have no working immune systems. These few people tend to have a shorter life span). This is the system that sends antibodies to different parts of the body if it detects danger. Without an immune system, even the smallest and simplest infection or scrape could cause serious trouble. It is how it helps your body to heal after a cut, fight off a bug bite, or even work out a common cold. However, the immune system can get confused. This is what happens in the case of an allergy.

For some reason, your body sees a food or allergen as being threatening, even though it is not. For example, you might eat a peanut and as soon as it detects that peanut in your system, the body goes into hyper drive. It jumpstarts the entire immune system in an attempt to reject it. It sends all of the blood to that area to fight the peanut. This causes the swelling and the troubled breathing. It may even start convulsions of the gut so that you vomit it out, and your eyes might water hoping to wash it out.

What Can You Do To Treat Allergies?

One of the most effective things you can do to treat allergies is to do something called immunotherapy. The hope is that through introducing your body to small and modified particles of the allergen you can teach the body that it is not harmful. What happens in that the doctor will give you shots. These shots are designed specifically for your type of allergen. Thus, assume you have a peanut allergy. Your first shot might be something that is similar to a peanut, but not the same. You might experience a very tiny reaction, and then with continual exposure you have no reaction to this specific allergen. As you get more advanced the shots will change to become more and more like the allergen until you are able to handle eating a peanut without any adverse reaction.

If you have allergies, it is important that you talk to your doctor about ways to manage it and potential treatment options, like allergy shots